Main Menu

You are here

TBM

Thames Tideway - Design CAT3 Check

Owner
Service Performed
CAT3 checking of primary and secondary linings of main and connection tunnels at six tunnel junctions. The check included elements of the temporary works: dewatering, pipe arch pre-support and face stability.
Commencement - Services
April 01, 2019
Location
80 Kirtling Street
London
SW8 5BP
United Kingdom
Geology description

The geology transitions from West to East through London Clay, into the complex Lambeth Group (clay, sand and gravel strata) into Thanet Sands, before giving way to the Chalk including flints.

Geology types
Description

The Thames Tideway Tunnel is an under-construction 25km tunnel running mostly under the tidal section of the River Thames through central London. It will provide capture, storage and conveyance of almost all combined raw sewage and rainwater that currently overflow into the river. Once constructed, the main tunnel will have an internal diameter of 7.2m and will run from -30m at Acton, West London for over 25km under central London down to -70m at Abbey Mills in the East. It will connect 34 of the most polluting combined sewer overflows (CSOs), via transfer tunnels. The tunnel will transfer the captured sewage to the Stratford to East Ham part for onward delivery to Beckton Sewage Treatment Works.

Categories
Construction methods
SCL, TBM
Tunneling under
New shaft, connection and main tunnel structures (Courtesy Tideway)
Isometric of connection between SCL and TBM tunnels
Project number
502C1
Project Type
Final cost
£4.2 billion GBP

Thames Tideway

Owner
Service Performed
Review of the current design of the connection between sprayed concrete lined connection tunnels and the main (TBM) tunnel with the aim to propose efficient alternatives.
Commencement - Services
March 01, 2016
Location
80 Kirtling Street
London
SW8 5BP
United Kingdom
Geology description

The geology transitions from West to East through London Clay, into the complex Lambeth Group (clay, sand and gravel strata) into Thanet Sands, before giving way to the Chalk including flints.

Geology types
Description

The Thames Tideway Tunnel is an under-construction 25km tunnel running mostly under the tidal section of the River Thames through central London. It will provide capture, storage and conveyance of almost all combined raw sewage and rainwater that currently overflow into the river. Once constructed, the main tunnel will have an internal diameter of 7.2m and will run from -30m at Acton, West London for over 25km under central London down to -70m at Abbey Mills in the East. It will connect 34 of the most polluting combined sewer overflows (CSOs), via transfer tunnels. The tunnel will transfer the captured sewage to the Stratford to East Ham part for onward delivery to Beckton Sewage Treatment Works.

Activity
Categories
Construction methods
SCL, TBM
Tunneling under
New shaft, connection and main tunnel structures (Courtesy Tideway)
Isometric of connection between SCL and TBM tunnels
Project number
502C
Project Type
Final cost
£4.2 billion GBP
Completion date
Ongoing

Bank Station Capacity Upgrade - Impact Assessment

Service Performed
Assessment of the impact on existing cast-iron and precast concrete tunnel linings (in total approximately 300 assets.) including empirical and finite element calculations.
Commencement - Services
January 01, 2013
Completion - Services
May 01, 2022
Location
London
London
EC3V 3LA
United Kingdom
Geology description

The geology comprises London Clay formation overlain by Quaternary superficial deposits comprising river terrace deposits and alluvium which are generally overlain by made ground.

Geology types
Description

Bank Station is a London Underground station located in the City of London financial district. It is a key interchange served by five existing lines. The Bank Station Capacity Upgrade (BSCU) comprises the construction of new tunnels adjacent to and connecting with the existing tunnels. A staged, risk-based approach was used to efficiently assess the affected existing assets and determine an appropriate mitigation and monitoring scheme. Empirical methods and complex numerical models were used at the different stages of the assessment, to understand the risk to the existing railway and how they could best be managed while minimizing disruption to the station and its users.

Activity
Service areas
Construction methods
NATM, SCL, TBM
Tunneling under
Existing escalator at Bank Station
FE model of existing (green) and new (red and pink) structures
Project number
451D_1
Final cost
£563.8 million GBP
Completion date
Ongoing

Eglinton Crosstown LRT – Inspection Works

Service Performed
Initial, detailed inspection of underground structures. Condition assessed and rated according to the 'Highway and Rail Transit Tunnel Inspection Manual (2005)' of the U.S. Department of Transportation - FHWA.
Commencement - Services
January 01, 2016
Completion - Services
December 01, 2017
Location
Yonge Street
Toronto, ON M4S2C6
Canada
Geology description

The geology comprises heavily over-consolidated hard plastic glacial till layers, stratified deposits of stiff to hard clays and dense, non‐plastic, silt and sand.

Geology types
Description

The Crosstown LRT Project is a Light Rail Transit Line that will run along Eglinton Avenue between Mount Dennis and Kennedy Station. This 19km corridor will include a 10km underground section between Keel Street and Laird Drive. This section comprises 2 bored running tunnels; 12 stations of which 3 (Laird, Avenue and Oakwood) will be built underground using the SEM method; 12 cross passages connecting the bored running tunnels and 3 emergency exit buildings. Dr. Sauer & Partners performed an initial, detailed inspection of the bored running tunnels, every cross passage and every emergency exit building.

Activity
Service areas
Construction methods
NATM, SCL, TBM
Inspection of the Segmental Tunnel Lining
Inspection of the Cross Passage Entrance
Project number
467E1
Final cost
$8.25 billion CAD
Completion date
Ongoing

Brenner Base Tunnel - Lot H51 Pfons-Brenner

Owner
Service Performed
Dr. Sauer & Partners provided tender support services.
Commencement - Services
December 01, 2016
Completion - Services
April 18, 2017
Location
Innsbrucker Bundesstraße 67
5020 TYROL
Austria
Geology description

Located within the Alps, the geology comprises phyllite, schist, marble and gneiss including main fault zones as well as major water ingress sections combined with a maximum overburden of 1300m.

Geology types
Description

The Brenner Base Tunnel (BBT) is a 64km long railway tunnel connecting Austria and Italy. Once completed, it will be the world's longest rail link underground. In addition to the two main tubes, the project comprises a complex set up of exploration adits, crosscuts, emergency stops and additional access tunnels, excavated by TBM and SCL methods. Dr. Sauer & Partners provided tender support services for the 18km lot H51 Pfons-Brenner and was responsible for creating the bid documents as well as conducting QA/QC services. The documents covered issues such as TBM choice, annular gap filling, reuse of excavated rock, rail delivery of construction materials, construction logistics and pre-excavation grouting.

Activity
Categories
Construction methods
NATM, TBM
Max Overburden
1300
BBT alignment (courtesy of BBT SE)
Lot H51 alignment (courtesy of BBT SE)
Project number
486C
Final cost
€1.3 billion EUR

University Link - Execution

Service Performed
Site supervision services, consulting and monitoring.
Commencement - Services
December 01, 2011
Completion - Services
August 01, 2012
Location
401 S. Jackson Street
Seattle, WA 98104
United States
Geology description

The geology along the alignment consists of over-consolidated glacial clay and till with fractured zones, as well as sand and silt layers.

Geology types
Description

University Link is a 5km light rail extension that runs in twin-bored tunnels from Downtown Seattle north to the University of Washington, with stations at Capitol Hill and on the University of Washington campus. The project further includes 20 cross passages located in soft ground and a maximum design water head of 60m. To deal with the prevailing geological conditions, specific ground support categories were developed. Steel fibre reinforced initial lining, sheet membrane waterproofing and CIP final lining were utilised.

Activity
Construction methods
NATM, TBM
Cross passage excavation
Propping of TBM tunnel at cross passage
Probe drilling at cross passage
Finished cross passage
Project number
262E
Final cost
$1.6 billion USD

University Link - Design

Service Performed
Sub-consultant for NATM/SEM design and waterproofing design.
Commencement - Services
July 02, 2007
Completion - Services
January 02, 2009
Location
401 S. Jackson Street
Seattle, WA 98104
United States
Geology description

The geology along the alignment consists of over-consolidated glacial clay and till with fractured zones, as well as sand and silt layers.

Geology types
Description

University Link is a 5km light rail extension that runs in twin-bored tunnels from Downtown Seattle north to the University of Washington, with stations at Capitol Hill and on the University of Washington campus. The twin-bored tunnels are connected with 20 cross passages. Dr. Sauer & Partners performed the temporary and final support design for the cross passages. This included the design of excavation and support measures and the development of specific ground support categories, settlement analyses, and the structural analyses of initial and permanent lining.

Activity
Construction methods
NATM, TBM
T Cross Passage
3D Finite Element Model
Project number
262D
Final cost
$1.6 billion USD

Ottawa Combined Sewage Storage Tunnel (CSST)

Service Performed
TBM segmental lining design, rock mass grouting design and engineering support services during construction.
Commencement - Services
February 01, 2016
Completion - Services
February 01, 2020
Location
110 Laurier Avenue West
Ottawa, ON K1P 1J1
Canada
Geology description

The alignment of the tunnels mainly crosses limestone formations with laminated black shales of varying thickness. The rock is overlain by glacial till, glaciofluvial deposits and fill.

Geology types
Description

The CSST project is part of the Ottawa River Action Plan and will greatly reduce the frequency of sewage overflows during storms entering the Ottawa River. The tunnels will hold up to 43,000 m3 of sewage overflow during major rainfalls which will be treated and returned to the river once the rainfall has subsided. Additional benefits include reducing the risk of basement flooding and increasing operational flexibility and redundancy of the sewage system. The project comprises design and construction of two TBM tunnels running east-west and north-south along 6.2 km in total, and multiple shafts and support buildings such as odour control facilities.

Activity
Categories
Final cost
$232,000,000
Construction methods
TBM
Special Construction techniques
Tunneling under
Overview plan of the CSST   (http://ottawa.ca)
East West Tunnel under construction (3m tunnel ID)
Excess wet weather flow is sent to the CSST (http://ottawa.ca)
Project number
481C
Final cost
$232 million CAD
Completion date
Ongoing

Tel Aviv Metro - Red Line

Service Performed
Dr. Sauer & Partners provides services as Checking Engineer for the design of all underground tunnels (NATM & TBM) and Cut and Cover structures.
Commencement - Services
April 01, 2011
Location
26 Harokmin St.
Tel Aviv
Israel
Geology description

The geology comprises predominantly sand and cemented dune sands called Kurkar, but also clay.

Geology types
Description

The Red Line will link the most congested areas of the city of Tel Aviv, operating along 24km and serving 34 stations. The light rail trains will run above ground as well as through a tunnel section of 11km length, connecting ten underground stations. Excavation of the twin tube tunnels will be undertaken by TBMs. The tunnels will be connected by cross passages spaced at a maximum distance of 250m. Station boxes will be constructed using diaphragm walls and piles. The Red Line should start its operation by 2021 and transport 70 million passengers per year.

Activity
Final cost
$300,000,000
Construction methods
TBM
Tunneling under
Route map (www.nta.co.il/en/line/73)
Galei Gil Shaft to be used to launch TBMs
Project number
362C1
Final cost
$3 billion USD
Completion date
Ongoing

Los Bronces Mine

Service Performed
Dr. Sauer & Partners provided conceptual design and basic engineering.
Commencement - Services
August 01, 2009
Completion - Services
November 01, 2011
Location
Los Andes
Valparaíso
Chile
Geology description

The geological setting is dominated by the volcanic activities of the region and includes magmatic rocks such as monzonite, andesite, and dacite.

Geology types
Description

Los Bronces copper mine, an open-pit operation at an altitude of 3500m ASL in the Chilean Andes, planned to utilise a tunnel for further deposit exploration and development. The project consisted of an 8.2km tunnel link between Los Bronces and Confluencia, connecting two processing plants. By applying drill and blast methods, a chamber was prepared to launch a 4.5m diameter tunnel boring machine which took over further excavation. A difficult geological and hydrological setting, extreme weather conditions as well as the high altitude and the rough terrain, provided a challenging environment.

Activity
Final cost
$6,000,000
Construction methods
TBM
TBM Tunel Sur (http://www.construccionminera.cl)
Tunnel excavation with TBM
Project number
432C
Final cost
$6 million USD

Pages